Middleton Nurseries

Growing Plants Since 1975

Salvia pratensis Madeline (PBR)

john zako

Salvia pratensis Madeline (PBR)

Madeline is a stunning perennial salvia with 70cm spikes with bicolour flowers in soft white and rich purple-blue. Salvia Madeline was bred by Piet Oudolf. Hardy.

Salvia microphylla `Pink Lips’ (Jeramy) (PBR)

Wonderful new variety in 2017, discovered by Mark Van Lancker from Belgium a well-known breeder of salvias and well respected with his knowledge of the salvia species. A seed from the famous `Hot Lips’ salvia was nurtured into this stunning new variety which I’m sure will be just as good as its mother plant.

Flowering starts in early May until November, its beautiful pink and white flowers nonstop giving you an excellent flowering period, I`ve noticed the more shade the plant has the pinker the flowers become, especially in early stages of flowering. Dry hot summers bring more of the white colouring. The plant is just as hardy as the `Hot Lips’ down to minus 8 to -12.

Salvia x jamensis Peter Vidgeon

Jamensis varieties are a hybrid from Mexico whereby salvia microphylla and s. greggii hybridise naturally, and the resulting hybrids are named salvia x jamensis. One of my favourites is `Peter Vidgeon’ which has won the RHS Award of Garden Merit. It was raised by Salvia expert, enthusiast and collector Robin Middleton.

Salvia 'Cherry Lips' now available on Middleton Nurseries

john zako

This stunning new Salvia has deep and pale pink, two – toned flowers. The foliage is aromatic, with a gentle blackcurrant scent.

Height 80-90cm Spread 60cm

The flowers are rich in nectar which bees and butterflies love.

Although  Salvia Cherry Lips is regarded as a perennial it’s recommended to protect in severe winters. Mulch with leaf mould in the Autumn.

Buy now at https://middletonnurseries.co.uk/shop/salvia-cherry-lips?rq=cherry

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General care for Salvias

john zako

General care for Salvias

Salvias have fast become very popular with its long period of flowering, May – September even into October. The best time to plant out salvias is from late April May to early June, or as soon as possible after the risk of late spring frosts have passed. Giving your plants the maximum time to establish and get their roots down before winter. If you purchase your plants late in the season, they are best kept frost free and planted out the following spring.

Many salvias are reasonably hardy if planted in a sheltered sunny position. Some varieties are tender such as the patens varieties, best to take cuttings mid-late summer and overwinter frost free. Semi-hardy variety’s such as greggii can generally take temperatures down to -5 so can survive mild winters, always cover the bases with a leaf mulch to help get through severe winter. Micropylla varieties generally can take most English winters down to minus -8 -10. Nemorosa varieties are fully hardy, popular varieties such as Caradonna, Kate Glenn and Blue Bouquetta. The soil should not be over rich, and winter drainage must be good. It is advisable to take a few cuttings in late summer as a percussion

Salvias are very easy to grow with little demands., some are brittle and require support when planted out in an open or windy position. Do not be tempted to trim back and tidy your established salvias until late spring, when the new growth has started and the risk of frosts has passed.

Some popular varieties listed below to get you started on your collection.

Salvia microphylla `Hot Lips’

Salvia greggii `Amethyst Lips’ NEW!

Salvia nemorosa Caradonna

Salvia microphylla `Royal Bumble’

We have over 120 varieties listed on our website for mail order.

www.middletonnurseries.co.uk

salvia

john zako

Salvias

The genus of salvia contains over 900 species. They are members of the `lamiaceae’ or mint family or lip flowering. Traditionally sage as it is also known was used as herbs for its beneficial and medicinal properties.

Over the years many flowering varieties from Mexico, Central and South America and Southern states of the USA have become popular with a lot of European countries such as the UK because of their considerable long flowering period and diversity in flowers and leaf shapes.

They are also very good pollinators which are regularly visited by bees, bumblebees, moths and humming birds in tropical climates.

Many experts / growers place salvias into 3 categories which are listed below, determined mainly by their winter hardiness.

Hardy Herbaceous (up to -22°C)

We can generally say these are regarded as fully hardy salvias, variety’s such as salvia nemorosa, s. verticillate, s. pratensis s. sylvestris.

Hardy bushy salvia’s (up to -8 ° C to -12 ° C)

This group contains some of the most popular varieties such as microphylla, greggii, and x jamensis. They bloom in full sun from May to November. These survive most reasonable winters in England. Always add some leaf mould round the base during hard winters to give extra protection. A slight pruning in late summer helps stimulate further flowering until the frosts. Hybrids such as involucrate, guaranitica and uliginosa are also hardy in some areas of the country.

Semi-winter hardy and frost sensitive salvia`s (0 °C to -8 °C)

This group contains a lot of the Latin American and Californian varieties. These will need protection over the winter in greenhouses or cold frames keeping the frosts out. Take some cuttings as a precautionary measure and keep frost free. A lot of the new love and wishes range are not hardy and will need protection.

Salvia nemorosa Carodonna

john zako

Salvia nemorosa Carodonna

This is a perennial salvia that dies back to below ground level each year in autumn, then fresh new growth appears again in spring. Prune just above the new growth around April time.

Position: full sun

Soil: light, moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well- drained soil

Rate of growth: average 50-60cm   spread; 50cm

Flowering period: June to October

Hardiness: fully hardy

Above the compact mound of aromatic, grey-green foliage, purple-black stems arise from early summer bearing rich, violet-blue flowers. A vibrant and long-flowering addition to the border, they look spectacular when planted with rich plums and pinks as well as Smokey purples.

To prolong flowering remove the dead flower spikes as soon they start to fade. Prune mid-summer to stimulate new foliage growth and new flowers well into the autumn.

Full range of salvias available at www.middletonnurseries.co.uk

Getting The Best From Shrubby Salvias

john zako

Getting The Best From Shrubby Salvias

Always plant shrubby Salvias in spring after late frosts, this will give them the longest period to establish a good, strong root system before the winter. Plants bought later in the season are best overwintered in their pots.

Position

Soil conditions are very important in getting the best from your Salvias, A light free – draining soil in full sun is the ideal spot. In colder parts of the country, find a sheltered spot, such as next to a sunny, south facing wall.

Soils

Salvias don’t require rich humus soil, but like us all they would benefit from a good feeding, I would recommend a scattering of general feed in late spring. They would also benefit from a liquid feed throughout the summer months, high potash would produce more flowering. Salvias can always be planted in tubs and pots giving a riot of colour on any patio throughout the summer, John Innes number 3 would be a suitable compost. Salvias are drought tolerant, so are an especially good choice in areas of low rainfall.

Pruning

Prune top growths of shrubby salvias late march after the frosts, wait until you see new shoots appearing before you chop right back, like hardy fuchsias. A second prune is an option to some which is known as the Hampton Chop, prune in early July around the time of the RHS Hampton Court Flower Show. This would keep plants more compact but at the expense of flowers for 3-5 weeks.

Salvia Plant Care - Pruning - nemorosa variety`s

john zako

Salvia nemorosa varieties are fully Hardy, easy growing with a wonderfull aray of colours.

Prune hard late spring as the new growths appea, Cut all the dead foliage from the winter just above the new growth. Within a few weeks the plant will be bursting into colour, flowers will start to appear from late April onwards. As the plant feels tied mid/ late summer prune again which will stimulate new growths of foliage and flowers well into the Autumn. These are great easy growing varietys to to get you hooked on the Salvia collecting expiriance. Our full range of Salvia`s are available at www.middletonnurseries.co.uk

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New Salvias for 2019

john zako

We shall be launching a few new varieties to our website for 2019. Very excited with the Salvia greggii Amerthyst Lips this is a wonderfull colour with its vibrant purple flowers with a white centre, they are available to order online now and also can be bought from us at various RHS Gardening Shows around the country, see our website for details.

Salvia care - soil conditions - pruning

john zako
  • Salvia's prefer a well-drained soil . You can always improve a heavier garden soil with a mixture of compost, mulch and small fractions of lime gravel.

  • Preferably plant them in the spring and early summer so that they develop a strong root system to go into the winter. Semi-hardy species are best kept in a warm and protected place from the northeast wind. Most salvia's keep full sun , yet there are exceptions. The larger the leaf, the more shadow they can endure.

  • Never completely prune them in the winter. At the beginning of April you can cut the plants down to 1/3 once they are shooting. Repeat a second decent pruning mid July and you will get exuberant autumn blooms.